Your doctor has just diagnosed you with piles and you are wondering what are piles? Piles are another name for a painful condition called hemorrhoids that cause bleeding, itching and soreness when a person tries to have a bowel movement.
Piles are Common
What are piles? Piles are actually a very common issue that up to about 25 percent of all people will get at one point in their lives. While they aren’t considered a medical emergency, they are by no means a comfortable condition to have to live with. Piles are formed when the small veins in the rectum and anal region become swollen and are under a lot of pressure and become swollen. They are seen by doctors in several stages of severity, and can occur either internally or externally.
What are Piles that are Internal?
Internal piles are a type of hemorrhoids that can’t be seen from the outside of the rectum or anus area and are located inside. You may never even notice them, as they aren’t always painful or cause symptoms unless they get aggravated and swollen and start to impede your bowel movements. You may just have a weird feeling that you aren’t totally emptying your bowels or maybe it itches somewhat or burns when you have a bowel movement. The itching is caused by excess mucus in the area, so you may also see a bit of a mucus discharge with a bowel movement.
When someone asks their doctor, what is piles that are internal, the doctor may tell them to look for blood after they have a bowel movement. People who have internal piles will see bright red blood on their toilet paper after a bowel movement, or it may show up on the toilet seat, or in the water inside the toilet bowl or on the feces. His can show up because the person is straining a lot when they have a bowel movement and this puts friction and pressure on the veins and they then bleed. So, when asked, what is piles, you can see there is a lot of things involved.
What is piles that are External?
Unlike the answer to the question, what is piles that are internal, when the piles are external you can see them. If the rectal veins on the edges of the inside of the anus swell up then you get external piles that protrude from the rectum area.
External hemorrhoids can be felt quite easily by the patient themselves and may protrude either all the time or only when a person is straining to have a bowel movement. The amount of pain and soreness depends on which kind these are and how big the piles are.
When a person suffering from piles asks, what is piles that are external, they will be told that pain is the main symptom of this variety. People who have this issue will be in serious pain that can make even a simple task like sitting down on a chair hurt badly. This variety of piles disease may also cause itching and burning and are a very unpleasant thing to suffer with.
If a person has a very serious version of internal piles, the resulting blood clot can sometimes cause a stroke. Due to this, anyone with this disease should get to their doctor for treatment and confirmation of the kind of piles they have.
What are piles causes?
When doctors are asked by patients, what is piles causes, they will tell them there are several possible reasons to have them. Some of the factors that may be the cause of piles are being overweight, being in the stages of late pregnancy, getting older (people over 50 are more susceptible to piles) and having weaker rectum muscles, and straining too much when you have a bowel movement due to chronic constipation.
Other issues that may contribute to the causes of piles are things such as eating too little fiber and too much bad fat, hard stool, genetic history of pile in the family, sitting too long with pressure on the rectum, being obese (puts pressure on the rectum) and other issues related to this area of the body.
What are piles diagnosis procedures?
Doctors first ask their patients, what are piles symptoms when they start their exam to diagnose them. In most of the cases, the doctor can see them just by examining the anus and rectum area with the naked eye, but in other cases he will need to place something inside the rectum to diagnose and answer the question, what are piles type?
The procedure to look inside a person’s rectum depends on how far inside the doctor wants to do the exam. A colonoscopy, for instance, looks inside the whole length of the intestines and colon area to check for dangerous polyps or to find any piles that may exist.
When the patient asks their doctor, what are piles diagnosis, he will tell them that if he sees a lot of blood, that he must make sure that what they have is piles and not something more serious such as colon cancer. Black blood seen instead of bright red blood can indicate colon cancer and would require more tests to rule it out or in.
What are piles treatments?
Treatment of piles can either be things that the patient can do or if serious enough, it could involve surgery. People may opt for home treatment if they are not serious and do things like take fiber supplements, get more exercise, don’t strain with bowel movements, use OTC hemorrhoid creams, witch hazel, or ice treatments.
Unfortunately, if they are more serious it is possible that surgery could be involved. A doctor can remove piles by something as simple as placing a rubber band type ligament on the area above the piles and block off the blood supply so it dries up and falls off to actually having to cut them out, depending on the type of piles.
What are piles treatments of other types? A doctor may use a laser or infrared light to cut off the blood supply or use something called sclerotherapy using chemicals injected into the piles to make them shrink.
What are Piles Prevention Methods? If your doctor tells you that you have a chance of getting piles, then you can do the following things to help prevent them:
Eat fiber rich foods like fruit, whole grains, brown rice and certain vegetables.
Drink lots of liquids
Don’t strain with bowel movements